Electric underfloor heating systems can be installed on ramps and roads of all sizes and shapes, as well as in the garage entrances of houses, on the icy parts of highways and bridges, and can be used for melting ice and snow. Electric floor heating systems are very important in terms of melting snow and ice and obtaining a safe floor.
Electric ramp and road heating systems can be laid on the entire road or only in certain parts of the road. In such systems, cables are laid under concrete or asphalt. The operation of the system is provided automatically.
Electric Ramp and Road Heating Systems Study
The purpose of these systems is not to obtain a dry floor or to heat the floor. The purpose of the electric floor heating system is to melt the snow and allow the melted snow water to flow away without causing it to freeze again. Since it will bring a high cost (which also requires a high power in terms of electrical power) to ensure the complete evaporation of snow water, it is not economical to apply.
Electrical cables are laid under asphalt or concrete. The system triggered by thermostats works automatically. The operation of electric floor heating systems does not depend on the temperature of the air. They do not work when it is not snowing or ice is forming on the paved area. For this reason, wetness and temperature sensors are used in electric ramp and road heating solutions. These sensors constantly monitor the formation of snow and ice on the road. Thermostat units evaluate the data coming from the sensors and if there is wetness in the environment, they start to operate if the air is below freezing temperature. These two conditions must be together for the system to work. If one of the conditions disappears, the system automatically stops working.
Electric Ramp and Road Heating Systems Construction Conditions
In electric floor heating systems, it is important to calculate the heat that will escape from the soil as well as the snowfall rate, the degree of snowfall, the speed of the wind, the atmospheric temperature and humidity, in order to obtain the temperature at which the melting will be achieved on the floor where the electrical cables will be laid.
In electric floor heating systems, the power to melt the snow is determined by the snowfall rate. In addition, the evaporation process of the melting snow is determined by the wind speed and humidity calculations.
In electric ramp and road heating solutions, the thickness of the screed to be laid on the electrical cables should be between 5 and 7 cm. It is also possible for the cables to melt snow from 15-20 cm, but in this case the melting time is prolonged.
Electric cables can be applied under all kinds of asphalt and concrete. However, it is important to consider the advantages and disadvantages of concrete or asphalt on the roads.