Underfloor heating systems are systems where the area to be heated is heated from the floor by consuming less energy and providing more efficient heat distribution. It is the heating of the heat in the pipes (water pipe floor heating systems) or cables (electric underfloor heating systems) placed under the floor by spreading to the space under the floor.
These systems, which were also used in ancient times, came as an alternative to classical systems. In recent years, the use of underfloor heating systems has become widespread.
Although underfloor heating systems seem simple, problems may arise in these systems if a quality and careful project is not done. Many factors such as the material of the flooring, its thickness and the condition of the space can affect the system during the projecting phase.
Application Areas of Underfloor Heating Systems
<The scope of the areas where underfloor heating systems are applied has gradually expanded. Although it is mainly used for heating purposes in residences, it can be used on roads, ramps, roofs, gutters, sports fields, baths, etc. It has a wide variety of uses, such as
Houses: Houses are the areas where underfloor heating systems are used the most today. It is a comfortable system in terms of homogeneous distribution of heat and efficient heating. It also offers an important advantage in terms of heat saving.
In places with large volumes such as mosques and gymnasiums : In places with large volumes such as mosques and gymnasiums, hot air always rises. Underfloor heating systems are preferred in order to prevent this density of hot air and to distribute the heat better. In addition, it is applied as a strip in front of the glass in places where the glass height is high or the outlets of devices such as radiators will cause problems.
In bath heating: In ancient times, baths are known as the first places where floor heating systems were used. The systems to be built in these places should be well insulated because the thickness of the insulation should not be less than min.5 cm, since the temperature in such places should be higher than in the residences. Underfloor heating systems in baths are not only applied to the floor but also to the walls (around 1 meter). Since the baths work both in summer and in winter, this should be taken into account in the design of the floor heating system.
In indoor swimming pools: In indoor swimming pools, underfloor heating is installed on the floor in order to provide comfort and support the heating of the pool, since people generally walk around with bare feet. When underfloor heating will be made in the pool, attention should be paid to the humidity calculation, that is, the water that will evaporate around the pool.
Roofs and gutters: Roof and gutter heating systems are used to prevent snow accumulating on roofs and gutters during cold winter months, and icing that will occur due to day and night temperature differences in gutters.
On roads and ramps: Underfloor heating system is used in front of garages on roads and ramps where there is danger of icing. The system applied for these is generally electric underfloor heating system.
On Stairs: Since there is a situation like roofs and roads on stairs, an electric underfloor heating system can be easily made.
Heating lawns: Electric underfloor heating systems are also used in sports fields to heat golf, athletics or football fields. Underfloor heating systems also benefit the development of the lawn.
No matter where the underfloor heating systems will be made, the biggest factor in the project is the floor covering. Calculations are made depending on the properties and thickness of these materials.